full sun photography

Picking up your camera, shooting, and challenging yourself is the best way to improve your photography.  The Creativity Exercises within the Clickin Moms photography forum are a great source for finding new ways to challenge yourself.  Last month we had a new tutorial to challenge our members to shoot with the exercise in mind by a very talented guest author, Sarah Vaughn.  While the exercises are ongoing, at the end of each month we choose a few images as the ‘Editors’ Choice’ and share them here with you on the blog.  How fun is that?!  Today we are sharing July’s exercise with you below!

creativity exercise | shooting in full sun

full sun photography photo
*image by Sarah Vaughn ‘sarah_vaughn’

Beach photography: Splashing children laughing in the waves. Couples kissing surrounded by nothing but white sand, deep blue sky and turquoise sea. It should be the perfect recipe for dreamy photos, except for one thing. Most often, beach photography equals full, unforgiving, unfiltered sunlight. For many photographers, this can be a scary proposition. Most natural light photographers prefer a session of softly lit fields or open shade, for good reason. But though tricky, full sun comes with its own rewards. It can mean brilliant colors and bold blue sky, golden haze and dramatic sun flare.

My own love-hate relationship with sun-filled beach photos comes from living on an island in the Indian Ocean for the past five years. With no sand dunes or structures to filter the light, I’ve learned a few tips and tricks the hard way. And though a flash and reflector can be your best friend – I’ve chosen today to focus on tips that anyone can use, even if you’ve left your flash at home or couldn’t fit that reflector in your beach bag.

The time of day

Not all sun is created equal. With nothing to block the light, choosing the right time of day to shoot is even more important.

Middle of the day
This is the most difficult time of day to shoot. The light is coming from overhead, so if you take an image of someone with nothing to fill in the harsh shadows, you will get raccoon eyes and hot spots at the top of the head. I still shoot in the middle of the day, but I often go for shots where my subject is engaged with their activity rather than looking straight at the camera. That way I don’t have to worry about unsightly shadows.

Early morning or late afternoon
This is far easier light to work because it is not coming from directly overhead. Your shadowing will be more flattering, though you will still need to take care in posing your subjects to ensure important areas of skin are not blown or falling in dark shadow. In close-up portraits especially, I spot meter for the skin.

Golden hour
Ahhh – golden hour at the beach. This is when your subjects are bathed in magical golden light. The sand and water just sparkles with it. But beware of yellow people. The color of direct light at this time can be a little too intensely golden, meaning hours in post processing. That’s why I always use kelvin or set a custom white balance at that hour.

The direction of light

Full sun is many things, but subtle and boring is not one of them. Just by turning your subjects around to either front light, back light, or side light them will yield dramatically different looks.

Bold & Brilliant — Front Light
When front lighting your subject, the sun will be coming straight at them. This will mean they will have a vivid backdrop of color behind them. But there are a few drawbacks. Front light your subject in full sun and you’ll probably have squinting, unhappy people. A few things to do:

  1. Ask your subject to close her eyes and then open them on the count of three. Be prepared to snap quickly.
  2. Think outside the box. Have your subject wear a hat or sunglasses – the perfect accessories in a summer image – to help shield the sun.
  3. Add variety by taking shots with your subjects looking down, away, or interacting with each other.

Dreamy & Romantic – Back light
Golden haze and the beach are dreamy together. But with natural back light, if you meter for skin, you will usually have much of your environment – sand, sky or water – overexposed. Thus turning a beautiful backdrop into white nothingness. As a remedy, I often underexpose just slightly and preserve details in the sea and sky. It’s a delicate balance as I don’t want to underexpose the skin so far that I can’t get good skin tones. Luckily, by shooting RAW and checking my highlight alerts or “blinkies” carefully, with a little dodging and burning in post processing, I can usually achieve a middle ground that allows me to showcase both subject and seascape.

Strong and Shadowed – Side light
Taking a picture using side light in full sun can be tricky. Watch that one of your subjects doesn’t fall into someone else’s shadow. And be careful of blown skin on the highlight side of the face. I like to encourage my subjects to turn their faces three-quarters to the light, perhaps looking at each other or out to the water. Many photographers use the zone system in tricky lighting situations like this, where getting the right balance between highlight and shadow is essential.

Full Of Drama — Silhouette
Silhouettes are at their most dramatic in full sun. I have an affection for partial silhouettes. One secret to a great silhouette: go for lots of negative space to let that beach background shine.

The location

Now that we’ve talked about the different looks you can achieve in full sun – the next step is to think about what that means for the location at which you shoot. For example, in my town, the sun rises over the mountains and sets over the beach, so I know that if I want my subject standing in front of vivid blue sky and sea, then I need to plan my shoot in the early morning when she will be lit from the front. But if I want golden back light and dramatic sunset images, then I will choose the afternoon when the sun will be behind her, yielding golden haze. What is the lighting scenario where you plan to shoot?

The ways to cheat the sun

I’ll let you in on a little secret – I try to cheat whenever possible. Here are a few of my favorite ways. . .

Head for open shade
I always check out the beaches in my area and try to shoot at one that has some open shade. If you have a beach with large leafy trees, a gazebo, or a pier, you are lucky. A boat can even work in a pinch.

Make way for clouds
Where I live, clouds often roll in and out. If I see brief respite in the form of a fluffy white cloud, I try to shoot those money-shot portraits in the softer light. A thin film of cloud cover can work like a beautiful soft box.

Shoot after sunset
As the sun sinks below the horizon you might be tempted to pack up and go home. Don’t. This is by far one of my favorite times of day to shoot at the beach. The intense yellow light you fought just minutes earlier is gone and you are left with a soft pastel-toned glow over everything for the ten minutes until light disappears for the day. Don’t be afraid to keep cranking up the ISO as twilight beckons.

editors choice!

full sun photography photo

Congratulations to the ladies below whose photographs were selected as this month’s Editors Choices!

Sarah Carlson ‘SarahCarlson’:

full sun photography photo

Jessica Nelson ‘JessicaN’:

full sun photography photo

Debbie ‘debbievds’:

full sun photography photo

Danielle ‘nellie_m’:

full sun photography photo

Kerri Wile ‘odeya’:

full sun photography photo

Keely Owendoff ‘keelyo’:

full sun photography photo

Carly Bingham ‘CarlyBingham’:

full sun photography photo

Jennifer Conley ‘jenconley’:

full sun photography photo

Carla Bagley ‘k2ple’:

full sun photography photo

Shavan Flake ‘sflake’:

full sun photography photo

Justine Knight ‘justinek’:

full sun photography photo

Joyce Kang ‘joyceckang’:

full sun photography photo

Lindsay ‘lamoeser’:

full sun photography photo

Romina ‘romy’:

full sun photography photo

Thank you to everyone who participated in the exercise!  We love seeing all the beautiful imagery!

Do you want to participate in the next Creativity Exercise?  Visit the forum here where Sarah Wilkerson has challenged us with the theme “Creating Depth with 3 Planes“.  Don’t have a membership to Clickin Moms yet?  Head on over here to sign up!  You can still participate in this ‘Shooting in Full Sun’ challenge by either visiting the forum here or sharing with us in the comments below.  We’d love to see your work!

full sun photography photo

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18 Responses to “full sun photography”

  1. Aug 07 2013 at 1:06 pm #

    I wish the photos in this article came with the specs on what they were shot with/in. Id love to know the lens, ISO, fstop etc… it would help to apply the articles suggestions if we had the visual as well. Great article for someone like me who lives in San Diego, and I love all the pictures that accompany it. Even more reason to have the specs!

    • Aug 07 2013 at 8:19 pm #

      Mine’s the first one w/ the baby bikini & sunglasses….
      Nikon D800 | 85mm | f/2.8 | 1/1250 sec

    • Aug 07 2013 at 10:36 pm #

      Mine is the one with the girl in the dandelion field. Camera/settings: Canon Markd3, ISO 125, 35mm, f5.0, 1/800s

    • Aug 07 2013 at 11:35 pm #

      Hi Holly! My image (the first of the ocean and girl in the hat) was shot with a D700, 85 mm 1.4 lens, ISO 200, F4 and SS 4,000. Hope this helps! :)

    • Justine K
      Aug 08 2013 at 9:38 am #

      Hi Holly
      Mine is the beach swing shot
      50mm ISO 250, f/2, 1/4000

  2. Melina
    Aug 07 2013 at 1:21 pm #

    Beautiful selection of shots!! Awesome creativity challenge!! :)

  3. Aug 07 2013 at 1:51 pm #

    Thank you for the tips and tricks Sarah! Beautiful images on the blog today. Full sun photography is always a challenge but no more :D

  4. Aug 07 2013 at 2:20 pm #

    I need to brave up and get outdoors more! I’ve been out a couple times and have a good ol’ fight with the sun!
    I’m on a mission now ot make it work for me!

  5. Aug 07 2013 at 2:50 pm #

    Great set of beautiful, creative images! Great tutorial, Sarah!

  6. Aug 07 2013 at 3:12 pm #

    Beautiful images, ladies! I loved your tutorial, Sarah. :)

  7. Aug 07 2013 at 6:39 pm #

    Awesome, thank you so much!

  8. Aug 07 2013 at 9:05 pm #

    Thank you for choosing one of my images!

  9. Aug 07 2013 at 9:31 pm #

    I love this tutorial and I love shooting in full sun. Thanks so much for including my image. :) My settings were ISO 100, f/2.8, 1/400 at 200mm with my 70-200.

  10. Aug 07 2013 at 11:36 pm #

    It was so inspiring to see everyone’s beautiful images!

  11. Jen
    Sep 02 2013 at 12:54 pm #

    Awesome photos and tutorial. Thanks so much and thank you for the shot info on each picture. Love to see that.


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