Framing is a popular compositional technique that photographers use to draw attention to their subject or the main part of their image. I love to use framing because it draws your eye right to the most important of your picture. Framing can also create depth and add interest to your photos. I use 5 different types of framing in my photography to create interest, balance, and depth.
Framing with architectural elements.
This is possibly the most commonly used framing type. When shooting weddings or engagement clients, I am constantly searching for windows, doorways, arches, columns, and any area where I could place my clients inside the architectural element to frame them. Begin by looking for geometric shapes: rectangles, squares, triangles, circles. You’d be surprised at how many architectural framing elements you can find and you will begin to see them everywhere once you start looking for them.
Remember, you don’t always have to place your subjects in the center of the arch or doorway… try placing your subject on one side or the other, keeping in mind the rule of thirds.
Framing with darkness or light.
An easy was to isolate your subject and make sure that the subjects you are photographing are the most important part of the image is to surround your photo in darkness. This picture below was taken in my house during the evening. I turned all of lights off in my home before lighting the candles on my daughter’s birthday cake. The only light in the room was the candlelight, which was illuminating my daughter in the picture. This image was taken with my Canon 5D Mark III with my Canon 35 1.4 lens. My settings were: f/2.0, ISO2000, 1/125s. I then pulled my image into Photoshop CS5, converted it to black and white and darkened the edges of my image to enhance the darkness framing my subject by creating a curves layer and pulling down the middle to darken the midtones in the picture.
In the next image, I surrounded my subjects with beautiful white light. I placed this gorgeous momma and her new baby in front of a sliding glass door in her bedroom. I used spot metering to expose for the baby’s skin, this exposed my skin properly, but overexposed the background so that you no longer see the patio furniture or deck outside. “Blowing out” the background allows your eyes to naturally be drawn to your subject… framing the subject in light.
Soft foreground framing.
Using soft foreground framing in your images can create interest, and a feeling of “peeking” into the subject’s world. To use this framing method, I first find a bush, tree limbs with leaves, or even a bedroom doorway. I then place my subject behind the foreground and use a shallow depth of field (wide aperture) to blur the foreground elements in my image and focus on my subject. If you use an f/4.0- f/1.2, your foreground with become blurred, naturally framing your subject with a soft frame. I have even asked an assistant to hold a branch or two to “create” a frame in front of my subjects before.
Framing with limbs.
An easy framing method is to use a subject’s arms to frame your image. By placing your subject’s arms and hands around her face, you can create the illusion of a frame around your subject’s face. This will draw the viewers eye directly to the most important part of the picture, the sparkling eyes and the beautiful face!
Framing in nature.
I absolutely love framing with natural elements. I am constantly scanning for natural frames while I’m driving in my car. Framing in nature examples are archways created by trees or bushes, a small clearing in the woods or in a grove of trees, anywhere you can find a space to place your subject in the middle of the frame. Sometimes I find the perfect location, yet because we are working with nature, the frame isn’t perfect. I will use the clone stamp tool or the rectangular marquee tool in Photoshop to duplicate a section of the image to “create” a better frame in Photoshop. In the picture below, I was walking through the woods with my daughter. I saw a log with a beautiful lone tree that had turned a beautiful color of yellow. I wanted to “frame” my daughter with the tree. Because the tree didn’t create a perfect arch around my daughter, I enhanced the frame by adding more leaves.
1. Duplicate your background layer.
2. Select the rectangular marquee tool and select an area that you’d like to duplicate.
3. Edit> Copy.
5. Select the move tool and drag that duplicated part of the image to a part of the picture where you’d like to “add” leaves.
You can then click Ctrl+T on your keyboard as a shortcut to “free transform” your duplicated layer. I then use my move tool to drag the corners and rotate that section of leaves until I am happy with the placement.
6. I then added a layer mask to the top layer in my layer’s pallette and used a soft black brush, (making sure that my layer mask box was selected) and removed the edges of the new layer of leaves to the picture, to make it look more natural.
As you can see, using different types of framing in your images can add depth and interesting compositions. Now it’s your turn… I’d love to challenge you today to find 5 natural or architectural frames in your city, neighborhood, yard, or home. Learn to see frames everywhere and watch your photography improve.
Krista Campbell, Arkansas
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Krista is a lover of buttery backlight, golden fields, and capturing authentic emotion in her photography. She is a wife, mother of a spunky 7-year-old daughter, and an on-location, portrait photographer serving Northwest Arkansas. Krista is also a vendor on ClickinMoms and teaches online, post-processing workshops called Digital Darkroom Secrets.